What is Milk Thistle ?
- – Milk Thistle, also known as Silybum Marianum, is a medical herb that has been used in traditional medicine for almost 2000 years. It was firstly used in the Middle East and Europe, and extends back to Roman and Greek; It was commonly recommended for various liver disorders including gallbladder disorders (includes hepatitis, cirrhosis and jaundice), and to protect the liver against poisoning from chemical and environmental toxins (includes snakebites, insect stings, mushrooms poisoning and alcohol). The usage of Milk Thistle have also extended to Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurveda, where milk thistle was recommended for same disorders (liver) but additionally referred for breast milk production, depression, and particularly for rehabilitation against the Amanita phalloides mushroom known as Death Cap; which tends to be lethal shortly after consumption due to the phallotoxins. The active compound in Milk Thistle is Silymarin, including silibinin, isosilibin, silychristine and isosilichristine, silidianin and taxifolin.  Silymarin has been globally used for many years as a complementary alternative medicine because of the beneficial effects associated with the treatment of hepatic diseases. Silymarin forms a complex that impedes the entrance of toxins into the interior of liver cells; additionally, it metabolically stimulates hepatic cells and activates the RNA iosynthesis of ribosomes to stimulate protein formation.
Functions ? – Liver Health
- – Encourage protein synthesis in liver cells and improve subsequent repair after damage to the cells. 
- – Protective effects against Microcystin toxicity if preloaded.
- – Slow down hepatic carcinomas growth, which is extinguished and potentially reversed with co-ingestion of alcohol.
- – Used against lethal mushroom poisoning named Death Cap, and may be one of the few compounds to be used for this rehabilitative purpose. 
- –  Tamayo, Carmen, and Suzanne Diamond. “Review of Clinical Trials Evaluating Safety and Efficacy of Milk Thistle (Silybum Marianum [L.] Gaertn.).” Integrative Cancer Therapies, vol. 6, no. 2, 2007, pp. 146–157., doi:10.1177/1534735407301942.
- –  “Milk Thistle,” Examine.com, published on 17 July 2013, last updated on 14 June 2018,https://examine.com/supplements/milk-thistle/
- –  Vargas-Mendoza, Nancy. “Hepatoprotective Effect of Silymarin.” World Journal of Hepatology, vol. 6, no. 3, 2014, p. 144., doi:10.4254/wjh.v6.i3.144.